Published Online: December 8, 2015
Atopic diseases, including asthma, hay fever, and eczema are increasingly more common in U.S. children. These diseases are associated with chronic inflammation, impaired physical activity, sleep disturbance, and significant morbidity. Little is known about the cardiovascular risk factors in children with atopic disease.
In a study recently published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (JACI), Jonathan Silverberg studied the association of asthma, hay fever, and eczema in the U.S. and cardiovascular risk factors using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, including 13,275 children from all 50 states in the U.S.
Asthma, hay fever, and eczema were all associated with higher rates of overweight or obesity. Asthma and hay fever were also associated with higher rates of hypertension and high cholesterol. This study demonstrates that children with atopic disease have increased cardiovascular risk factors. Children with eczema may benefit from interventions aimed at lifestyle modification and improving long-term cardiovascular health.
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (JACI) is an official scientific journal of the AAAAI, and is the most-cited journal in the field of allergy and clinical immunology.