AAAAI Allergy & Asthma Medication Guide

 

Last updated December 2013

 

Antihistamines

Generic Name

Brand Name

Class

Use

Dosage

Product Links (if available)

Acrivastine

Semprex-D Capsules

Antihistamine
Decongestant

Allergic rhinitis

Age 12 and above, one capsule every 4 to 6 hours.

 

Brompheniramine

This generic medication appears in several combination products under a variety of different names.

Antihistamine
OTC

Allergic rhinitis and other allergies

Read package label or discuss the proper dosing with your physician.

Children under 6: discuss use with physician.


 

Carbinoxamine

Palgic 4mg Tablets

Palgic Liquid (4mg/5 mL)

generic

Antihistamine

Seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis

Other allergies

Tablets:
Adults:1 to 2 tablets, 3 to 4 times a day.
Age 6 to adult: 1 to 1½  tablets; 3 to 4 times a day.

Liquid:
Adults: 1-2 teaspoons; 3 to 4 times a day.
Children older than 6: 1 to 1 ½ teaspoons; 3 to 4 times a day.

Ask physician for dose under 6.

Do not use under age 2.

Palgic Website

Cetirizine

Adults:

  • Zyrtec

Children:

  • Zyrtec Allergy Syrup
  • Zyrtec Chewable 5mg
  • Zyrtec Chewable 10mg
  • Zyrtec Hives Relief Syrup

Antihistamine
OTC

Seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis

 

Chronic urticaria

Children:
6 to 12 months: 1/2 tsp. (2.5 mg) once a day.
1 to 5 years: 1/2 tsp. [2.5 mg] Once or twice a day.
6 to 11 years: 1 or 2 tsp. [5 or 10 mg] Once a day.


Zyrtec Website

Also appears as the generic cetirizine tablets and syrup as well as store brands of cetirizine.

12 and older: 5 or 10 mg once a day.

Zyrtec-D 12 Hour

Antihistamine
Decongestant
OTC

Seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis

Age 12 and older:
One tablet twice daily.

Zyrtec-D Package Insert

Chlorpheniramine

Sold as
Chlor-Trimeton and under various store brand names or in combination products.

Antihistamine
OTC

Allergic rhinitis and other allergies

Discuss proper adult dosing with your physician.

Under age 6: Discuss use with physician.

 

Clemastine

Generic 1.34 Tab
Generic 2.68 Tab
Generic Syrup 0.5mg/5 mL
Tavist Allergy

Antihistamine

OTC (Syrup & 1.34mg tab)

Rx (2.68 tab)

Allergic rhinitis

Urticaria

Children: 1 tsp twice a day.
Adults: 1.34 to 2.68 one to three times daily.

 

Cyproheptadine

 

Generic Syrup
2mg/5mL

Antihistamine

Allergic rhinitis

Urticaria

Children:
2 to 6 years old:
0.25 mg/kg/day increasing to total of 2mg every 8 to 12 hours.

Age 7 to 14:
Can increase to 4 mg every 8 to 12 hours.

 

Generic Tablets
4 mg

Adults:
Allergic rhinitis 4 mg up to 3 times a day.
Urticaria: 4 mg/3 times a day up to 0.5 mg/kg/day.

Desloratadine

Clarinex 5mg Tablets
Clarinex 5mg Reditab
Clarinex 2.5mg Reditab
Clarinex 2.5mg/5 mL Syrup

Antihistamine

Seasonal allergic rhinitis:
Age 2 and older

Perennial allergic rhinitis: 6 months and older

Chronic urticaria:
6 months and older

Age 12 and older: 5 mg daily.

Age 6 to 11: 2.5mg daily.

Age 6 to 11 months: 2 mL = 1.0 mg daily.

Clarinex Website

Clarinex-D 12 Hour
Clarinex-D 14 Hour

Antihistamine
Decongestant

Seasonal allergic rhinitis age 12 and older

Age 12 and older:
Clarinex-D 12 Hour: 1 tablet every 12 hours.

Clarinex-D 24 Hour: 1 tablet once a day.

Clarinex and Clarinex D Website

Diphenhydramine

Available as:

  • Generic
  • Benadryl
  • Various combination products

Antihistamine

OTC
Rx (50mg)

Seasonal allergic rhinitis

Urticaria

Motion sickness

Insomnia

Age 2 to 6:
Under physician’s supervision.

Age 6 to 12:
12.5 to 25 mg every 4 to 6 hours.

Adults:
25 to 50 mg every 4 to 6 hours.

Benadryl Website

Fexofenadine

Allegra
30, 60 and 180 mg tablets

Allegra ODT 30 mg

Allegra Oral Suspension 30mg/5mL

Fexofenadine (generic)
30, 60 and 180 mg tablets

Antihistamine

Seasonal allergic rhinitis

Chronic urticaria

Allegra Tablets:

  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis
  • Chronic urticaria
    • 12 and older
      • 60 mg twice daily or 180 mg once a day
    • Age 6 to 11:
      • 30 mg twice a day

Allegra ODT:

  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis
  • Chronic urticaria:
    • Age 6 to 11:
      • One 30 mg ODT twice a day

Allegra Oral Suspension:

  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis
    • Age 2 to 11:
      • 30 mg twice a day
  • Chronic urticaria
    • Age 6 months to 2 years:
      • 15 mg twice a day
    • Age 2 to 11:
      • 30 mg twice a day

 

Allegra Website

Allegra-D 12 Hour

Allegra-D 24 hour

Antihistamine
Decongestant

Seasonal allergic rhinitis

Age 12 and older:
One tablet twice a day

The 24-hour tablet is one a day.

Allegra-D Package Insert

Hydroxyzine

Hydroxyzine HCl:
Tablets: 10,25  and 50 mg
Hydroxyzine HCl Syrup: 10 mg/5 mL

Hydroxyzine Pamoate and Vistaril:
Capsules 10, 25 and 50 mg
Oral Suspension: 25 mg/5 Ml

Antihistamine

Itching associated with skin allergies

Under 6: Discuss with physician.

Ages 6 to 12: 12.5 to 25 mg every 6 to 8 hours.

Age 12 and older: 25 to 50 mg every 6 to 8 hours.

Vistaril Information from Pfizer

Levocetirizine

Xyzal 5mg Tablet
Xyzal Oral Solution
(2.5mg = 5 mL)

Antihistamine

Seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis

Chronic urticaria

Age 6 to 11: 1 teaspoon (5 mL) or ½ tablet once a day in PM.

Age 12 and older:
2 teaspoons (10mL) or 1 tablet each PM.

Xyzal Website

Loratadine

Alavert Tablets
Claritin Tablets
Claritin RediTabs
Claritin Syrup
Generic versions

Antihistamine
OTC

Allergic rhinitis

Chronic urticaria

Age 2 to 6:  5 mg daily.
Age 7 and above: 10 mg daily.

Alavert Website

Claritin Website

Claritin-D 12 Hour
Claritin-D 24 Hour

Antihistamine
Decongestant
OTC

Allergic rhinitis

Claritin D12 Hour: Age 12 and above, one tablet twice daily.
Claritin D24 Hour: One tablet daily in the AM.

Claritin-D Information

 

AAAAI - American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology