Q:

2/21/2012
I am treating a 44 year old woman with classic AERD and recently desensitized to ASA on 650 mg BID. She feels much better with improving sense of smell and maintaining a clear upper airway after her 3rd surgery. Prior to the last surgery she went on a salicylate free diet and thought it was helping. Currently if she "cheats" she feels more congested and will itch. She is entering month 2 of her daily ASA. Any advice regarding association of salicylates in food and sensitivity decreasing after long term ASA desensitization? Thank you.

A:

Thank you for your inquiry.

I personally am not aware of any documentation that a salicylate-free diet has a beneficial effect in patients with asthma-exacerbated respiratory tract disease. In addition, such patients, as you know, can tolerate salicylate in the form of sodium salicylate without difficulty (1). Thus, I am doubtful that such a diet would be helpful. However, I am going to ask Dr. Donald Stevenson, who is an internationally known expert in this area, to share his thoughts with us in this regard. When I hear from Dr. Stevenson, I will forward his response to you.

Thank you again for your inquiry.

Reference:
1. Szczeklik A and Stevenson DD. Aspirin-induced asthma: advances in pathogenesis and management. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1991; 104:5-13.

Sincerely,
Phil Lieberman, M.D.

We have received a response from Dr. Donald Stevenson. Thank you again for your inquiry and we hope this response is helpful to you.

Sincerely,
Phil Lieberman, M.D.

Response from Dr. Donald Stevenson:
You are correct. There is no benefit from salicylate free diet in AERD. One of Max Samter's earliest theories as to why patients continued to have AERD with nasal polyps, even though they were avoiding aspirin, was that they were each day ingesting either natural food salicylates or yellow dye #5. In other words, Max was still thinking that the inciting molecules had to be available on a daily basis to make the polyps grow. To my knowledge there are no double blind placebo controlled studies to support or refute Max's theory. Max's work with salicylates and tartrazine were poor studies and we published negative studies showing tartrazine does not cross-react and therefore irrelevant. I did some unpublished, not peer reviewed work with 5 patients in the 1980s, on and off salicylate free diets (very hard diet by the way) and I could not tell anything, on or off and was the patient really avoiding. It was a mess. So I gave up. However, the published literature is really bad and even the proponents cannot prove anything. We are really left with nothing. I have always thought that there might be an occasional patient who really is salicylate sensitive. It would not be linked to AERD since salicylates do not inhibit COX-1. However, there are 2 diseases in some patients and this would have to be one of them if it exists at all.

Sorry to be unable help resolve

AAAAI - American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology